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Ni komuniku ĉiom per kulturaj universaĵoj!

dari Grown, 9 Agustus 2017

Pesan: 7

Bahasa: Esperanto

Grown (Tunjukkan profil) 9 Agustus 2017 01.51.10

==List of cultural universals==

Among the cultural universals listed by Brown (1991) are:

===Language and cognition===
:{{main|Linguistic universal}}
1.
* Language employed to manipulate others
* Language employed to misinform or mislead
* Discrepancies between speech, thought, and action

2.
* Language is [[translation|translatable]]

3.
* [[Abstraction]] in speech and thought

4.
* [[Antonym]]s, [[synonym]]s
* [[Logical predicate|Logical notions]] of "and", "not", "opposite", "equivalent", "part/whole", "general/particular"
* Binary cognitive distinctions
* [[Color term]]s: black, white
* Classification of: age, behavioral propensities, body parts, colors, fauna, flora, inner states, kin, sex, space, tools, weather conditions
* Continua (ordering as cognitive pattern)

* [[Figurative speech]], [[metaphor]]s
* Symbolism, [[symbolic speech]]
* [[Synesthetic]] metaphors
* [[Taboo]]ed utterances
* Special speech for special occasions
* Prestige from proficient use of language (e.g. poetry)
* Planning
* Units of time

===Society===
* [[Given name|Personal names]]
* Family or household
* [[kinship|Kin groups]]
* [[Peer group]]s not based on family
* Actions under self-control distinguished from those not under control
* Affection expressed and felt
* Age grades
* Age statuses
* Age terms
* [[Law]]: rights and obligations, rules of membership
* [[Morality|Moral sentiments]]
* Distinguishing right and wrong, good and bad
* Promise/oath
* Prestige inequalities
* Statuses and roles
* Leaders
* De facto [[oligarchy]]
* [[Property]]
* Coalitions
* Collective identities
* Conflict
* Cooperative labor
* [[Gender role]]s
* Males on average travel greater distances over lifetime
* [[Marriage]]
* Husband older than wife on average
* Copulation normally conducted in privacy
* [[Incest]] prevention or avoidance, incest between mother and son unthinkable or tabooed
* Collective decision making
* [[Etiquette]]
* [[Inheritance]] rules
* Generosity admired, gift giving
* Redress of wrongs, sanctions
* [[Sexual jealousy in humans|Sexual jealousy]]
* [[Sexual violence]]
* [[Shame]]
* [[Territoriality]]
* Triangular awareness (assessing relationships among the self and two other people)
* Some forms of proscribed violence
* Visiting
* [[Trade]]

===Myth, ritual and aesthetics===
{{further|Myth and ritual}}
* [[Magical thinking]]
* Use of magic to increase life and win love
* Beliefs about death
* Beliefs about disease
* Beliefs about fortune and misfortune
* [[Divination]]
* Attempts to control weather
* Dream interpretation
* Beliefs and narratives
* [[Proverb]]s, sayings
* Poetry/[[rhetorics]]
* [[Healing]] practices, medicine
* Childbirth customs
* Rites of passage
* [[Music]], [[rhythm]], [[dance]]
* Play
* Toys, playthings
* Death rituals, mourning
* [[Feasting]]
* [[Body ornamentation (disambiguation)|Body adornment]]
* Hairstyles
* [[Art]]

===Technology===
* Shelter
* [[Control of fire]]
* Tools, tool making
* [[Weapon]]s, spear
* Containers
* [[Cooking]]
* [[Lever]]
* [[Rope|Cordage]]

thyrolf (Tunjukkan profil) 9 Agustus 2017 08.49.50

Iu en tiu forumo ĉiam furiozas pri krokodilado !

Kiu nur estas ri ?

Altebrilas (Tunjukkan profil) 9 Agustus 2017 10.21.09

Estus bona ekzerco por vi traduki tion esperanten. Tiel vi ricevos komentojn el kulturaro pli universala! okulumo.gif

Maria45 (Tunjukkan profil) 10 Agustus 2017 12.46.20

Altebrilas vi pravegas!

Vinisus (Tunjukkan profil) 10 Agustus 2017 12.51.47

Tiele parolis zaratruŝtro.

Altebrilas (Tunjukkan profil) 4 Januari 2018 11.54.36

Vinisus:Tiele parolis zaratruŝtro.
Se Zaratruŝtro mem diris tion, mi certe pravegas! okulumo.gif

Vinisus (Tunjukkan profil) 4 Januari 2018 13.50.38

Jes, vi tute pravas!

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