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Prefix order

viết bởi kannouteki_neko, Ngày 21 tháng 5 năm 2005

Tin nhắn: 2

Nội dung: English

kannouteki_neko (Xem thông tin cá nhân) 18:01:44 Ngày 21 tháng 5 năm 2005

Can anyone tell me how to know which prefixes go before which prefixes?

For exmaple... "patro" is father, and "ge-" is the prefix meaning of both sexes, making "gepatroj" the term for 'parents'.  "bo-" is the prefix for related by marriage, making "bopatro" to be 'father-in-law'

How do you term 'inlaws' (plural, of both sexes) then? do you combine both prefixes into the same word (bogepatroj) to make "inlaws", and if so which prefixes come first.. is it bogepatroj (related by marriage, both parents) or gebopatroj (both, related by marriage, parents)

Or does the order really not matter as long as both prefixes are in there

lingvohelpanto_en (Xem thông tin cá nhân) 00:24:36 Ngày 25 tháng 5 năm 2005

Prefix order only matters occasionally.   In general, start from the root word and work your way out.  So a "malsanulejo" is a hospital: we have san/a (healthy), then we add mal/, for mal/san/a (unhealthy), then mal/san/ul/o, an unhealthy person.  Finally, mal/san/ul/ej/o, a place for unhealthy people.  If we switched the order, the meaning could change.  So a "malsanejulo" would be a person from an unhealthy place.  In the case of the in-laws, it seems to me that there isn't a huge difference in meaning, whether you use "bogepatroj" or "gebopatroj".  But personally I think "bogepatroj" makes more sense, so that's the word I'd use.  There is rarely anything between ge/ and the root word, since in most cases it wouldn't make sense.

- Erin

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