Esperanto as a tool to learn English Grammar
by RandallBurns, March 26, 2018
morico (User's profile) November 29, 2018, 11:27:10 PM
Kun ĉi tiuj, la fonetiko Esp-o estas samtempe simpla (nur 2 reguloj lerni), regula (ne esceptoj) kaj klara.
Tio estas grandega avantaĝo, kompare al la angla por 99% de la nenaskiĝ-parolantoj.
La regulo 11(la ĉefa vorto estas la lasta) estas proksima de anglaj vortoj por multe da kunmetitaj vortoj.
Sed, kiel en Esp-o, la disigo de kunmetitaj vortoj en memstaraj vortetoj aŭ "monemoj" estas ĉiam ebla, la Internacia lingvo estas por tiu punkto tre malsimila al la angla sed simila al la aglutinantaj kaj izolantaj lingvoj de Azio, Afriko ktp. (ĉirkaŭe la duono de la monda loĝantaro).
morico (User's profile) November 30, 2018, 9:19:50 AM
When you learn English and Esperanto, the comparison of the two grammars is effective and productive.
Zamenhof studied English grammar, which seemed easier than that of other highly-spoken European languages. The additions of Zamenhof (for example, plural of the adjective, accusative, terminals of -o, -a, -i and -e words etc.) are necessary, because linguistic clarity is very important for the international language.
Zamenhof wanted to provide Esperanto simultaneously with a simple, regular and clear grammar.
Effective order can be followed by the order of the 16 rules of Esperanto, at least the 11 first ones that are the most important.
For example, rule 1: a single article defined as the English "the"; no undefined article as in the plural of the article "a (n)" in English.
Rules 2, 3, 7, respectively about nouns (o-ending), adjectives (a-ending) and adverbs (e-ending).
In English there is often a same word for name and verb; Zamenhof uses the same root for "-o, -a, -i, -e" words of Esperanto, and explains Esperanto with different endings;
one comparative in Esperanto; Zamenhof preserved the plural of the adjectives to avoid the errors of understanding; single plural ("-j") for names, adjectives and pronouns.
Rules 4 on numbers and 5 about pronouns: there are very few numbers and pronouns to learn in Esperanto, because they are regular.
Rule 6 about verbs: very great simplicity and clarity of the conjugation in Esperanto:
only help verb; single conjugation; all the verbs are regular;
There is a single ending for each time of the indicative (-as, -is, -os) and for any other mode (-i, -u, -us) as in English regular past. The persons are marked by the pronouns.
Rule 8 The prepositions of Esperanto are clear and have a single precise sense.
morico (User's profile) November 30, 2018, 9:53:50 AM
Rules 9 (one letter = one sound) and 10 (regular accent)
With these, the phonetics of Esperanto is simultaneously simple (only 2 rules to learn), regular (not exceptions) and clear.
This is a huge advantage, compared to English for 99% of the non-speakers.
Rule 11 (the main word is the last) is close to English words for a lot of composite words.
But, as in Esperanto, the split of composite words in autonomous words or "monems" is always possible, the international language is for that point very different from English but similar to the agglutinating and isolating languages of Asia, Africa, etc. (around half of the world population).
tong007x (User's profile) January 21, 2019, 3:07:01 AM
nikhil (User's profile) February 12, 2019, 9:45:13 AM
Learning Esperanto grammar will definitely help the young learners discover different parts of English grammar.
If the young learner(s) understand how adjectives and adverbs work AND more about transitive and non-transitive verbs, their discovery of English grammar can be relatively easier.